AZURE: groundwater modelling of central Netherlands


The project seeks to identify the best adaptation measures than can develop the long term plans of sustainable water use and safety under the changing climate in central Netherlands.



Responsibilities of groundwater management in the Netherlands are divided over several government institutions. Many different geo-hydrological models were used by each of these institutions and it became increasingly challenging to reach agreement over which models to use or which result more correct. Therefore, developing one model used by all stakeholders to support integrated water management was an emergence.

The collaborative modelling approach was used to support the purpose of the project by engaging the stakeholders in all model development activities ranging from model conceptualisation and definition, through to construction, and model verification and validation. We divided up the stakeholders amongst five sub-groups with a particular set of collaborative functions and responsibilities. All the inputs were validated and all recommendations incorporated into the model were discussed with all stakeholders.

Most stakeholders agreed that the approach was useful and was able to deliver the outcome in terms of the technical quality of the model and the acceptance of the delivered option. Since all stakeholders were involved in every negotiation and decision regarding each development choice.  



The partners involved in this project included Deltares, Alterra, Zuiderzeeland (Acacia),Royal Haskoning DHV , Vallei en Veluwe; Vallei en Eem (Tauw), Grontmij (Netherlands). We conducted the project in close collaboration with all relevant stakeholders in Netherlands including Flevoland Province, Gelderland Province, Utrecht Province, water boards (Dutch: waterschappen,WS), Drinking water company Vitens (DWC), and the ministerial Water Resource Management department (Rijkswaterstaat),



  • AZURE model.
  • : Laura Basco Carrera