PM for participatory planning and decision-making: a review tool

This tool is intended to support self-reflection upon participatory modeling (PM) in relation to participatory planning processes. It can be used as an input to communication around, planning for, and learning from PM processes. Both before, during and after a PM process. Use the tool as a whole or in parts.


Explanations, where necessary, are provided in relation to each respective question. Many of the questions are explicitly concerned with process (procedures, methods, tools, techniques), i.e. how was the participants of the process identified rather than who were participating in the process, or, how was the main uncertainties identified and handled rather than what uncertainties were included, or, if procedures for supporting stakeholder learning were described in the paper rather than if the process resulted in stakeholders having learned.


The tool is based on two complementary participatory process frameworks:

    1) The COPP: the framework for Comparision of Participatory Processes

    2) The SPF: the Sustainable Procedure Framework



    1) Hassenforder, E., Smajgl, A. & Ward J. (2015) Towards understanding participatory processes

    2) Hedelin, B. (2015). Further development of a sustainable procedure framework for strategic natural

    3) Framework, application and results. Journal of Environmental Management, 157, 84-95



The tool was originally created to be used in a review of PM case study papers.. It is not used to collect any data from the It is here only for your own benefit. You do not need to answer and/or submit the review, and we will not collect any data that might be submitted by mistake. You may print out the questions (and potential answers) for your own use at the and of the survey.